Question about 1994 Nissan Pickup

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What would make the starter engage when the key out of the ignition

The starter tries to engage without the key being in the ignition. My husband was told the ignition was not working and needed to be replaced. he put a toggle switch on it. I have taken the toggle switch off and it still wants to start without the key

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Your problem seems to be a faulty solenoid. The solenoid is a little monster that lives on top of the starter motor, and its job is twofold. Firstly, it supplies full battery power to the starter motor, and secondly it drives a gear on the starter to engage with the engine flywheel.
Now, your problem. The first guess could be the ignition switch, but fitting a toggle seems like a fairy tale answer. Check the starter solenoid to see if there is a frayed wire on the thin wire that connects to the starter, or possibly a frayed wire on the battery cable that is shorting to the small connector. Otherwise, I have seen the terminal of this small wire actually become loose and turn in the direction of the battery cable, which is also connected to the solenoid. A short here will cause the problem you are describing.
Finally, the solenoid could have a short circuit inside the body, which means replace the solenoid.

Posted on Dec 21, 2014


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